By B. Mohammadi
Aimed toward utilized mathematicians attracted to the numerical simulation of turbulent flows. founded round the ok- version, it additionally bargains with different types comparable to one equation types, subgrid scale versions and Reynolds rigidity types. offers the ok- technique for turbulence in a language frequent to utilized mathematicians, yet has not one of the technicalities of turbulence concept.
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J. O'M. Bockris, Mat. Sci. Eng. 53,47 (1982). 22. A. W. Czanderna, J. Vac. Sci. Technol. 17,72(1980). 23. S. Brunauer, P. Emmett, and E. Teller, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 60,309 (1938). 24. E. Robens, in: Microweighing in Vacuum and Controlled Environments (A. W. Czanderna and S. P. ), p. 127, Elsevier, Amsterdam (1980). 25. S. J. Gregg and K. S. W. Sing, Adsorption, Surface Area and Porosity, Academic, New York (1982). 26. A. W. Czanderna and R. Vasofsky, Prog. Surf. Sci. 9,45 (1979). 27. R. Shuttleworth, Proc.
The most physically descriptive or commonly accepted acronyms and abbreviations have been used in this figure. Numerous other variations of these acronyms are listed in Table 2. The most unfortunate acronym falls under IIR; some authors had the gall to name this technique BILE. The input particle has a controlled energy, mass, or intensity (or all of these); the appropriate mass or energy of the output particle is A. W. r-. SALI Electrons - INS Photons - IIR a M2 (surface) Stimulation (input) Detection (output) APFIM FIMS FAB-SIMS - Neutrals ESD ESDIAD M2 10ns out " ",Electrons LAMMA - Photons b M2 (surface, including adsorbates) Figure 6.
73) This method uses deflection plates to suppress the original secondary ions and a series of apertures with a high-energy bandpass to discriminate against the transmission of residual gas ions. With an electron beam postionizing current of 3 rnA and sputtering ion gun with 20 ~ current" bulk analysis of sub-ppm is possible. 01 at. % is also possible. This method is entirely compatible with a conventional SIMS analysis system, and the researcher can switch rapidly between the two modes. In addition to the descriptions in this volume of SAL!