Download Analysis of Energy Efficiency of Industrial Processes by Professor Dr. Vladimir S. Stepanov (auth.), Professor Dr. PDF

By Professor Dr. Vladimir S. Stepanov (auth.), Professor Dr. Vladimir S. Stepanov (eds.)

It is universally famous that the tip of the present and the start of the subsequent century should be characterised via an intensive swap within the latest tendencies within the monetary improvement of all nations and a transition to new ideas of financial administration at the foundation of a source and effort conservation coverage. therefore there's an pressing necessity to check equipment, technical aids and financial effects of this modification, and especially, to figure out the prospective quantities of power assets which can be conserved (energy "reserves") in several spheres of the nationwide economic system. An elevated curiosity in the direction of power conservation in undefined, one of many biggest strength shoppers, is sort of common and is manifested by way of the massive num­ ber of courses in this subject. however the majority of guides are dedicated to the answer of narrowly outlined difficulties, decision of power reserves in particular procedures and crops, potency estimation of person power conserva­ tion measures, and so on. notwithstanding, it will be important to boost a common methodological method of the answer of such difficulties and create a systematic and methodical base for knowing an strength conservation coverage. Such an attempt is made during this publication, that's curious about equipment for learning strength use potency in technological approaches and estimation of the theoretical and genuine strength reserves in a given procedure, know-how, or business area at the foundation in their whole power balances.

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Obsolete, inefficient equipment and technologies are replaced by ones with better techno-economic and energy indices. This process causes changes in the overall production structure of an industry. 2. It gives the characteristics of the time-dependent energy consumption change due to the removed components ("technology I") and those introduced ("technology 2"). 33) 34 2. Efficiency of Technological Processes Based on Energy Balance Technology 2 Technology 1 c ~ a. E ::J IJl C o u >01 'Q! C Q! -r-r--r-~--~----~----+ to Time [years] t, pobs 2t tot, Time [years] Fig.

2 Energy Losses and Secondary Energy Resources In this section the means of finding the distribution of energy consumed in a multi-step, multi-product process is described. It requires as input, a complete energy balance, which we have shown to be derivable from the exergy method. In addition to energy consumed directly, estimates of the amount of energy lost, and the amount that might be recovered are recessing. The exergy method allows the correct estimation of losses found from the energy (heat) balance.

These potentials are determined experimentally with respect to some reference standard, usually a hydrogen electrode under standard conditions. 5 kC/mole; ne is the number of electrons exchanged in the reaction; € is the electromotive force of an element the difference between the anode and cathode potentials. 2 Short Overview of Methods G= H- TS= H+T (aG) aT 43 p where H and G are the system enthalpy and free enthalpy as always S is the entropy. 6) where

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