By Kerry Kuehn
This booklet presents a chronological advent to the electromagnetic thought of sunshine, utilizing chosen extracts from vintage texts equivalent to Gilbert’s De Magnete, Franklin’s Experiments and Observations on Electricity, and Huygens’ Treatise on Light. Particular recognition is given to the works of Faraday, Maxwell and Heaviside, scientists who unified the previously separate disciplines of electrical energy, magnetism and light. Their electromagnetic theory―developed in the course of the nineteenth century―would bring about the discovery of recent radar, electricity grids, and telecommunication networks.
Each bankruptcy of this e-book starts with a quick advent by way of a interpreting selection. rigorously crafted learn questions draw out key issues within the textual content and concentration the reader’s cognizance at the author’s tools, research and conclusions. Numerical and laboratory workouts on the finish of every bankruptcy attempt the reader’s skill to appreciate and follow key techniques from the text.
Electricity, Magnetism and Light is the 3rd of 4 volumes in A Student’s consultant in the course of the nice Physics Texts. This ebook grew out of a four-semester undergraduate physics curriculum designed to inspire a severe and circumspect method of usual technology whereas even as getting ready scholars for complex coursework in physics.
This booklet is very appropriate as a college-level textbook for college students of the common sciences, heritage or philosophy. it will possibly additionally function a textbook for complex high-school or home-schooled scholars, or as a thematically-organized source-book for students and prompted lay-readers. In learning the vintage clinical texts incorporated herein, the reader could be drawn towards a life of contemplation.
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Extra resources for A Student's Guide Through the Great Physics Texts: Volume III: Electricity, Magnetism and Light
On the Loadstone and Magnetic Bodies and on the Great Magnet the Earth: a New Physiology, Demonstrated with Many Arguments and Experiments, Bernard Quaritch, London, 1893. Book III. © Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2016 K. 1007/978-3-319-21816-8_2 19 20 2 The Life and Death of a Magnet Fig. 1 Chapter V: Of Magnetizing Stones of Different Shapes Of a magnetized piece of iron one extremity is north, the other south, and midway is the limit of verticity: such limit, in the globe of the terrella or in a globe of iron, is the equinoctial circle.
Take a piece of iron the length of your hand and as thick as a goose-quill; pass it through a suitable round piece of cork and lay it on the surface of water, and note the end of the bar that looks north. Rub that end with the true smooth end of a loadstone; thus the magnetized iron is made to turn to the north. Take off the cork and put that magnetized end of the iron in the fire till it just begins to glow; on becoming cool again it will retain the virtues of the loadstone and will show verticity, though not so promptly as before, either because the action of the fire was not kept up long enough to do away all its force, or because the whole of the iron was not made hot, for the property is diffused throughout the whole.
For everywhere within the sphere of the magnetic force does the earth’s magnetic effluence reign, everywhere does it alter bodies. But those bodies that are most like to it and most closely allied, it rules and controls, as loadstone and iron. For this reason it is not altogether superstitious and silly in many of our affairs and businesses to note the positions and configurations of countries, the points of the horizon and the locations of the stars. For as when the babe is given forth to the light from the mother’s womb and gains the power of respiration and certain animal functions, and as the planets and other heavenly bodies, according to their positions in the universe and according to their configuration with the horizon and the earth, do then impart to the newcomer special and peculiar qualities; so a piece of iron, while it is being wrought and lengthened, is affected by the general cause, the earth, to wit; and while it is coming back from the fiery state to its original temperature it becomes imbued with a special verticity according to its position.