By Richard M. Hogg
First released in 1992, A Grammar of previous English, quantity 1: Phonology used to be a landmark ebook that during the intervening years has no longer been exceeded in its intensity of scholarship and usability to the sector. With the 2011 posthumous e-book of Richard M. Hogg’s Volume 2: Morphology, Volume 1 is back in print, now in paperback, in order that students can personal this whole work.
- Takes account of significant advancements either within the box of outdated English reports and in linguistic theory
- Takes complete good thing about the Dictionary of Old English undertaking at Toronto, and comprises complete cross-references to the DOE data
- Fully makes use of paintings in phonemic and generative conception and similar topics
- Provides fabric an important for destiny learn either in diachronic and synchronic phonology and in ancient sociolinguistics
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And this also appears occasionally in later texts, such as EpGl, ErfGl 1086, CorpGl 2078 strcdit ‘he strides’. This may be a graphic convention particular to this inflexion or a restricted phonological change, see Campbell (1959: §735b). 5n6). 2 Thus EpGl has, excluding obvious errors, 19 ¥ 〈/〉, 11 initial, 4 medial, 2 final, and 8¥ 〈¨〉, 3 initial, 2 medial, 2 final. ErfGl 601 pdpcstil for EpGl /e/cstil ‘thistle’ must be a misinterpretation of the Ep–Erf archetype, probably written in the last quarter of the seventh century, see Pheifer (1974: §88).
10 waelcalo ‘Welsh ale’. In gemination early texts, including EWS, use (ch, chh, hch). Examples include: Bede(M) † Acha, EpGl 171 crocha ‘pot’, cf. 46n3, CP(H) tiochia¨, teoch[h]a¨, tiohchia¨ ‘they suppose’, pohchan ‘bags’ (3¥), LVD † Echha, Ch 21 † Aehcha. The spellings of EpGl, ErfGl are most easily accounted for if one assumes that the Ep–Erf archetype used 〈h〉 for /x/ and 〈ch〉 for /xx/. In that case only EpGl 546 bituccn, ErfGl bitucchn ‘between’ remains difficult to explain. , where 〈ch〉 represents (h) in a foot-initial /xl/ cluster.
Nevertheless, it seems sensible to retain the geminate phoneme for the sake of clarity and I do so here, without distributional justification. Examples of /du/ are: se78an ‘say’, li78an ‘lie’. sg. 14 8eby878ean ‘buy’, hry87 ‘back’ (2¥). The name-element E78- often shows simplification in BH, BH(N) preferring E8-, BH(I) preferring E7-, but BH(M) prefers the full form. Note also Beo 957, 980 E7-. 1 In these dialects, when 7, 8 or s7 stand before a back vowel, stressed or unstressed, a vowel is inserted between the consonant and the back vowel.